Chasmanthium latifolium (fish-on-a-pole grass)—Fish-on-a- pole is a perennial member of the grass (Poaceae) family. This attractive plant prefers shaded, moist areas, but is also tolerant of drought. Another common name for fish-on-a-pole is inland sea oats—a reference to its resemblance to oats.
Tephrosia virginiana (goat’s rue)—Goat’s rue is a perennial member of the bean family (Fabaceae) found throughout the eastern United States. Tephrosia has been used to treat tuberculosis, rheumatism, and bladder troubles. The roots contain rotenone, which is used as a fish poison and an insecticide.
Eryngium leavenworthii (Leavenworth’s eryngo)—Resembling a thistle, Leavenworth’s eryngo is actually a member of the carrot family (Apiaceae). This annual is found in dry areas along roadsides, woodlands, and rocky prairies. The plant is visually striking, with blue stamens and purple flower heads.
Tradescantia ohiensis (Ohio spiderwort)—Ohio spiderwort
is a member of the dayflower family (Commelinaceae). This perennial is found throughout the eastern and mid-western United States along roadsides and woodland edges. The Cherokee used spiderwort for treating kidney problems and miscellaneous “female troubles”. Crushed leaves were used for insect bites. An individual spiderwort flower will bloom for only one day.
Ipomopsis rubra (standing cypress)—Standing cypress is a biennial member of the Phlox (Polemoniaceae) family. Found throughout the eastern United States, its tubular red flowers are a favorite of hummingbirds. This plant prefers full sun to light shade and sandy soils.